Karnataka ‘ One State Many Worlds ” it’s still undiscovered by many of us . Vijaypura northern district of the state is one of them .Vijaypura previously called as Bijapura known for its magnificent architectural monuments, which are a unique form of Islamic architecture . Gol Gumbaz is main attraction of city .
Vijayapura one of the main district of north Karnataka once ruled by Adilshashi sultanate . Adil shahi family was one of biggest to enemies of Chatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle . Vijaypura is rich in history and its architectural/Historical Monuments . One can say it’s once the part of great Swarajya Empire which is ruled by Shivaji Maharaj .
The striking Gol Gumbaz is the major attraction of this city. It considered to be largest dome in India and the second largest in the world. The city built by the rulers of bahmani sultanate Adil shahi , who ruled Bijapur between 15th and 17th century which attracts the tourist . Gol Gummaz or Gul Gummat name derived from Gol Gummadh meaning ” Circular Dome ” , It flows the deccan architecture .
The Vijaypura origin date backs to medieval period , When Chalukyan rulers of south India, between the 10th and 11th centuries laid the foundation of Bijapur. At that time, it was called as Vijayapura (the City of Victory). The local Yadavas/Rulers rulers ruled it for about a century. The the end of 13 Century Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, captured it and made it a part of his empire . Bijapur could not hold properly by Khilji for long time and it became the part of the Bahamani Empire in 1347. The golden era Bijapur started with the decline of the Bahamani dynasty. In 1489, Yusuf Adil Shah, one of the nobles under the Bahamani rulers, laid the foundation of the Adil Shahi dynasty and made Bijapur the capital of his kingdom. The Adil Shahis ruled Bijapur until 1686, when the last great Mughal ruler Aurangzeb defeated them.
Tourist Attraction in Golgumbaz
Monuments dating back to the era of Bijapur sultanate Adil Shahi dynasty are the prized tourist attractions of Bijapur. The whole city amid the fortified walls is full of eye catching sights. Here are some of the unmissable ones:
- The magnificient Gol Gumbaz or the Round Dome built in 1659, housing the tomb of Adil Shah is among the most iconic structures built during the era. Known for one of the largest domes in India and the second largest in the world, entirely unsupported by pillars.
- The relics of the royal dynasty of Bijapur and their rule have been properly preserved by archaeological museum .
- Ibrahim Roza a beautiful tomb was built by Adil Shah II for his queen. Its highly decorative carvings make it one of the existing marvels of Persian Muslim architecture.
- Gagan Mahal is the impressive Sky Palace is an architectural marvel.
- The Sat-Manzil (seven-storied palace)
- Jala Manzil (water pavilion . Jala means water) and the Bara Kaman (twelve arches).
- The mosque built by Ali Adil Shah I names Jama Masjid is not just a place for prayers but also majestic designs.
- Taj Bawdi, water tank.
- Upli Burj, watch tower offers panoramic views of the city & The Mehtar Mahal, a palace built by sweepers.
- Asar Mahal with interesting designs
- The Malik-e-Maidan, monarch of the plains cannon, which is one of the largest surviving bell-metal cannons in the world
Places to see near and in Bijapur
- Shivgiri – 85 feet tall statue of Lord Shiva is approx 03K/M from Gol-Gummata
- Aihole the temple town , 129 km from city, has a number of richly carved temples belonging to the Chalukya dynasty , dating back to 6th and 8th century.
- Gulbarga ( Now known as Kalburgi (159 km), known for the famous architectural marvels of the Bahmani Kingdom
- Historical city Badami is 132 K/M , Known for Badami Chalukyas
- Basavana Bagevadi birthplace of Saint Basaveshwara.(43 km) is known for its temple
- Kundalasangama is associated with the 12th-century poet and social reformer Saint Basaveshwara it’s 67 km from Bijapur, is an important pilgrim center.
- Sangeet Mahal ( 03 K/M ) from Bijapur . Nari Mahal built at Navraspur . Constructed by Adil Shah II, for his attempts to bring cultural harmony between Sunnis and Shiyas and between Hindus and Muslims through music
How To Reach
- Rail – Vijaypura is nearest station of city is well connected to major cities of the state and neighboring state
- Road – NH 218 is connected to Bijapur and KSRTC bus stand has good connectivity in state .
- Airport – Belgaum , Hubli are nearest Airport to Bijapur .