Chichen Itza- One of the seven – New Wonders of the world…
Yes, there are old seven wonders of the world and there are new seven wonders of the world..and we plan to see them all…before we die..
Chichen Itza is one of those new seven wonders of the world and it is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; in 2014 it was estimated to receive an average of 1.4 million visitors every year.
Rest of the NEW seven wonders are :
1. Great Wall of China (China) …
2. Christ the Redeemer Statue (Rio de Janeiro)
3. Machu Picchu (Peru)
4. The Roman Colosseum (Rome)
5. Taj Mahal (Agra, India)
6. Petra- Jordon
A little bit about Chichen Itza – it is almost 3 and half hours bus ride from Cancun, Mexico, in the Yucatan state.
The Maya name “Chichen Itza” means “At the mouth of the well of the Itza
Chichen Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya people of the Terminal Classic period
Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and it was likely to have been one of the mythical great cities, or Tollans referred to in later Mesoamerican literature. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles at the site.
Dominating the North Platform of Chichen Itza is the Temple of Kukulkan (a Maya feathered serpent deity similar to the Aztec Quetzalcoatl), usually referred to as El Castillo (“the castle”).
This step pyramid stands about 30 metres (98 ft) high and consists of a series of nine square terraces, each approximately 2.57 metres (8.4 ft) high, with a 6-metre (20 ft) high temple upon the summit.
The sides of the pyramid are approximately 55.3 metres (181 ft) at the base and rise at an angle of 53°, although that varies slightly for each side.
The four faces of the pyramid have protruding stairways that rise at an angle of 45°.
The walls of each terrace slant at an angle of between 72° and 74°.At the base of the balustrades of the northeastern staircase are carved heads of a serpent.
Archaeologists have identified thirteen ballcourts for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame in Chichen Itza, but the Great Ball Court about 150 metres (490 ft) to the north-west of the Castillo is by far the most impressive.
It is the largest and best-preserved ball court in ancient Mesoamerica. It measures 168 by 70 metres (551 by 230 ft).
Mesoamerican cultures periodically superimposed larger structures over older ones and El Castillo is one such example.
In the mid-1930s, the Mexican government sponsored an excavation of El Castillo. After several false starts, they discovered a staircase under the north side of the pyramid. By digging from the top, they found another temple buried below the current one.
Inside the temple chamber was a Chac Mool statue and a throne in the shape of Jaguar, painted red and with spots made of inlaid jade.
The Mexican government excavated a tunnel from the base of the north staircase, up the earlier pyramid’s stairway to the hidden temple, and opened it to tourists. In 2006, INAH closed the throne room to the public.
The Tzompantli, or Skull Platform (Plataforma de los Cráneos), shows the clear cultural influence of the central Mexican Plateau. Unlike the tzompantli of the highlands, however, the skulls were impaled vertically rather than horizontally as at Tenochtitlan.
The Sacred Cenote :
The Yucatán Peninsula is a limestone plain, with no rivers or streams.
The region is pockmarked with natural sinkholes, called cenotes, which expose the water table to the surface. One of the most impressive of these is the Cenote Sagrado, which is 60 meters (200 ft) in diameter and surrounded by sheer cliffs that drop to the water table some 27 meters (89 ft) below.
The Cenote Sagrado was a place of pilgrimage for ancient Maya people who, according to ethnohistoric sources, would conduct sacrifices during times of drought.
Archaeological investigations support this as thousands of objects have been removed from the bottom of the cenote, including material such as gold, carved jade, copal, pottery, flint, obsidian, shell, wood, rubber, cloth, as well as skeletons of children and men.
We saw all of these structures.
I am not much into history and archaeology, but I was fascinated by Mayan people’s vision and intelligence, clearly seen in the building of these structures many many centuries ago.
Rakesh Shah Always With Kashmira Rakesh Shah Was at Chichen Itza, Mexico
Credits :- Mr. Rakesh Shah